Our fourth and final session of the day was more light-hearted than the former ones, yet full of life. We began with a dreamer and achiever in the field of robotics, followed by an amazing cartoonist duo, who captured the attention of the attendees with their magical animation. Last, but certainly not least was Yamin Khan, the popular Dhaka comedian.
KHUSHBOO & RAKIB
The first speakers for our final session were Kushboo and Rakib.
Almost every 90’s kid is familiar with the popular science fictional character, Robocop. Khushboo was no different; she was fascinated by robots and all things science.
Kushboo’s journey began with her spouse who is also a tech lover, in their small home lab. Her first invention was a “vanilla ice cream box.” Kushboo quit her day job and the pair set off on a journey filled with robotic endeavors.
To this day, Khushboo and her husband Rakib, have had a few many breakthroughs. Their biggest achievements include participating in the NASA Lunabotic Competition, where they designed a robot that can collect soil samples on the moon. “We wish to make an advanced self-configured robot in the future,” she said.
“People often ask me, what’s my vision?” Khushboo reflected. “We don’t have any vision; we do what time requires of us.”
MANIK & RATAN
Our second pair of speakers in this section were cartoonists Manik and Ratan.
“We doodled everywhere,” they began. At a young age, they would draw in any blank space they could find.
Their cartoon journey began when they sent some of their regular artwork to Unmad, a cartoon magazine. Soon enough, they got a call from Ahsan Habib, a professional cartoonist.
However, the pair faced an obstacle: their parents wanted them to become computer engineers. In their final computer class presentation, their software project was a flop, but their animated cartoon work was a huge hit.
“We realized that we were not on the right track,” explained one of the twins. “We had to switch to something we were passionate about.”
Eventually they convinced their parents to let them switch to graphic design. Now, they are some of the top global digital artists. Their work has been featured in Forbes, the Huffington Post, and even the TED website.
“Everything was possible because of the courage we had to choose our own path and pursue our own dream,” they said.
Last but not least, comedian Yamin Khan took the stage to close out TEDxDhaka 2014.
“As far as I know, I am Yamin Khan,” he began. “Among all the speakers, I am the one with the least accomplishments.”
He revisited the previous speakers’ achievements, inviting a round of applause for all of them.
Session 3 of TEDxDhaka featured talks about tackling child labor, physical abuse in the form of acid attacks, mental illness, child mortality and, a little off-topic, beatboxing. The talks from this session focused on the body and the mind.
Our first speaker during Session 3 was Nina Smith, Executive Director of GoodWeave International.
Smith narrated the story behind the intricately designed rug she was standing on, which was handmade in Kathmandu and was comprised of over 500,000 individual knots.
“I love hand made things; I always have,” said Smith.
Unfortunately, handmade goods can also have a dark side. Sanju, an 11-year-old from Nepal, was stolen from her home and taken to a weaving facility far away. She was forced to work day and night, in inhumane conditions. Deprived of her childhood, Sanju was trapped until GoodWeave, an organization working to eradicate child labor in the rug weaving industry, found her. Stories like these are widespread in South Asia and around the world.
“The only thing modern about modern slavery is that it is happening now,” Smith continued.
Smith invited everyone to look beyond these handmade goods to realize the struggles behind them. Initiatives like Goodweave give a market-based solution to a global problem. GoodWeave works to raise awareness and promotes ethically made carpets that are not the product of child labor or slavery. A GoodWeave label indicates that the rug is made ethically. Check before you buy!
“What do we do? Wage a world war?” asked Smith. “No, not with the experience we have.”
By making the market-driven system more popular, Smith reiterated the possibility of eradicating child labor from the rug industry by 2020. Already, GoodWeave has reduced child labor in South Asia by 75%.
“May it be by our order that they gain freedom” Smith said.
The Talk Video
Our second speaker after lunch was Monira Rahman, the first executive director of the Acid Survivors Foundation.
According to Rahman, between 1999 and 2013, over 3000 people were attacked with acid in Bangladesh. A majority of these victims were women, but children, and to a small extent men, were also attacked. Acid attacks are mostly driven by money, property gain, or vengeance over failed love proposals.
Rahman started working as the first executive director of the Acid Survivors Foundation in 1999 to tackle this social problem. The organization provides education to acid attack victims about emergency treatment and implements programs to prevent acid attacks in future. The Acid Survivors Foundation involves communities, activists, victims, and doctors to help stop this violence.
During her talk, Rahman shared outstanding stories of courage and bravery. Nila, a 15-year-old girl was married off to a man working overseas. She was a skilled dancer and was very beautiful. However, her husband was jealous that she might look at other men and threw acid on her face to destroy her beauty.
“What if you looked in the mirror and did not recognize yourself?” Rahman asked.
Now, the Acid Control Act (2002) and Acid Crime Control Act (2002) exist to help convict perpetrators. Unfortunately, because the majority of attacks are carried out by people victims know or love, the conviction rate is extremely low. The Acid Survivors Foundation’s relentless efforts to prevent acid attacks have helped reduce the number of such attacks to less than 100 in 2013.
“We want to shut down the Acid Survivors Foundation because we do not want acid attacks to take place in Bangladesh,” Monira declared.
MOKTADIR DEWAN SHANTO
Well known beatboxer Shanto was next in our line up. “Life starts with a beat,” he began.
According to Shanto, beats are natural. Even a heart has a beat. People begin making sounds from a young age, when crashing toy cars and playing with dolls. Shanto encouraged everyone to ignore people who call others weird, awkward or stupid because they do things in a different way.
He spent the bulk of his presentation showing off his beatboxing skills, looping one beat on top of another.
MOHD ANISUL KARIM
Our next speaker, Anisul Karim, is a researcher with the Transform Nutrition Consortium.
The reasons behind child mortality and maternal ill health, two of the Millennium Development Goals set by the United Nations, are interestingly simple, according to Karim. Historical data shows that women who are educated experience reduced child mortality rates and improved maternal health.
“Education empowers from within. It helps in making the right choices,” Karim explained. “The mother is more aware of nutritional needs if she is educated.”
Studies have shown that Bangladesh has the fastest prolonged reductions in childhood stunting in recorded history. Bangladesh surpasses Pakistan and India, even after spending less on public health.
So what did Bangladesh do right that neighbouring countries did not? A female secondary school stipend program launched in 1990 made all the difference. The program was so successful that Bangladesh women now surpasses men in secondary education.
Karim warns us that Bangladesh’s current rate of child mortality (41%) is still high. Bangladesh is still one of the bottom 10 countries in the world in this regard.
“We need a paradigm shift…we need an approach that is holistic,” explains Anisul, referring to his diagram of a 360 degree nutrition scheme.
Our final speaker from Session 3 was Tanzeem Choudhury, director of the People-Aware Computing group.
“How many of you have taken care of or supported a person with cancer? With a heart disease? With a mental illness?” Tanzeem Choudhury asked.
Not surprisingly, the numbers for the last question were staggeringly low. “Mental illness is an illness,” confirms Tanzeem. “If treated, people who are mentally ill can be successful, powerful, productive, and brilliant.”
Around 1 in 6 people suffer from mental illness. Signs of mental illness include unusual sleeping patterns and behavioral factors like the pace at which we speak and how we walk.
Amazingly, people look at their phones 100-150 times per day. This gives researchers the opportunity to use technology as an early indicator that something might be happening to a person’s mental health being.
However, even with technological support, treating mental illness is multidimensional and requires social participation. Tanzeem reminded the audience that there is nothing to be ashamed in regards to depression.
TEDxDhaka 2014 Session 2 featured speakers who are trying to make the world a better place with ground breaking solutions to ensure transparency, green efficiency, job satisfaction and social activism.
Peter Eigen, founder of Transparency International (TI), spoke first in Session 2 on the art of antagonistic cooperation. He began his talk dramatically, walking on stage playing a silver saxaphone.
According to Eigen, good governance has become something close to a myth with all the corruption and greed underlying the system. He believes that by employing a multi-stakeholder approach, in which all participants work independently from one another, integrity and accountability can be ensured. The three actors of governance, the state as prime actor, plus the commercial sector and civil society organizations, can break the barriers of corruption and exploitation by playing their separate roles.
The Garment Industries’ Transparency Initiative, is one such effort to identify separate stakeholders to prevent incidents like Rana Plaza and ensure the long-term betterment of laborers in the garments sector.
IFTEKHAR ENAYETULLAH & MAQSUD SINHA
Next on stage to talk about the transformation of urban waste were Iftekhar Enayetullah and Maqsud Sinha.
Enayetullah and Sinha make a compelling duo, with experience in civil / environmental engineering, urban planning and architecture. They call themselves ‘Garbagologists’ (in a good way) and describe waste as being raw material in the wrong place.
Did you know? Urban areas of Bangladesh currently generate 20,000 tons of solid waste per day! Historical data shows that this waste is following an upward trend and has a positive correlation with increased population and economic development.
“We believe that waste is not a problem, it is a resource,” claim the duo.
Their initiative, Waste Concern, is a simple solution to this problem. Using a decentralised mechanism to collect waste from developing countries like Bangladesh, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, Indonesia and Vietnam, Waste Concern turns biodegradable waste into organic fertilizer.
“Sometimes people call us garbage men,” says Maqsud Sinha.
This is an initiative that has created jobs, ensured soil well being, and is producing tons of organic food for people in South Asia.
Our seventh speaker of the day was Rosey Hurst, founder of Impactt.
According to Hurst, garment factories are tainted with unmotivated workers, going about their work mechanically everyday. They fail to connect with their organization and the job they do. A lack of purpose and belonging affects both businesses and workers’ lives.
Hurst believes that all of this can change. Bangladesh, home to one of the largest garments industries (second only to China), can become number one in the world by empowering its workers to reap more benefits from the market. How?
“It takes two to tango,” says Hurst.
Benefits for Business and Workers (BBW) and UP! are organizations working to address the problem of dehumanization in the workplace by building warmth and competence through interactive sessions between line workers, supervisors, managers and welfare officers.
“A few tiny changes can make all the difference,” affirms Hurst.
The Talk Video
FARZANA WAHID SHAYAN
Farzana Wahid Shayan took the stage with her guitar for our final presentation before lunch. “Hello people. My name is Shayan and I am a nobody,” she began.
Shayan quickly captured the attention of attendees with her spontaneity. Holding her guitar, she talked about the deep relationship she has with her instrument.
“I have found my home, my universe… around this guitar,” she said.
Shayan’s songs are thought provoking and discuss changes in society. She touches on the deep questions troubling many of us: What is the purpose of life? Does God exist? What is morality? Is there an universal answer to these questions? These are questions that perplexed Shayan for years. Her answer to these questions is that there is no answer.
“There doesn’t need to be a reason for everything….you do not have to understand life to enjoy it,” she explained.
Shayan shared three of her songs on stage with the audience, including the Bangla song “Ami Gachi Shobar Jonno,” which she composed herself.
“It’s okay to be a nobody,” she said.
As an advocate of life, she urges everyone to do to whatever they want to do. She insists on enjoying life by indulging in the little pleasures it offers. Her last song was about her personal life. She sang this final song with an added instrument, her harmonica.
Speakers from this first session of TEDxDhaka 2014 are focused on breaking barriers of discrimination, traditional education, and the way we view a fading historic place.
Our first speaker, Iqbal Habib, spoke on inclusive housing and living conditions in Dhaka.
According to Habib, the urban slums in Bangladesh house some 60% of the urban population. They are vast areas of notoriously unplanned establishments where inhabitants live in dire conditions. With little to no ventilation, unhygienic facilities and insufficient space, the slums of Dhaka are home to the poorest of the poor. Though often overlooked by policymakers, these slum inhabitants contribute an amazing 10% of total GDP due to their hard work and resilience.
”We have forced them to live like this,” says Iqbal Habib, an urban population activist.
The key to addressing these citizens’ critical living situation is convincing policymakers to adopt a more inclusive attitude. Habib, when contributing in the construction of the Hatirjheel Begunbari Integrated Development Project, set out to break traditional perceptions about slum dwellers. He proposed that the government build a housing complex for anyone forcibly evicted because of the project. Because of his vision, the Hatirjheel area now showcases a scenic bridge over a lake and is notably devoid of congested slum areas. Near the lake, a tall residential building is under construction for the 256 evicted slum dwellers.
“Wasteland can be a dreamland,” maintains the architect.
His initiative broke barriers of non-inclusive housing policies, and triggered awareness among policymakers. According to Habib, the poorer tiers of the population can comfortably pay for their own housing, with interest, in a period of 10.5 years.
Garments industry leaders in Bangladesh who employ millions of people, are now undertaking housing initiatives for their workers. Policymakers have provided investment incentives to make this possible.
Iqbal Habib reminds us that “Once you raise your voice, changes will follow.”
Next onstage was Munem Wasif, photographer of enchanting Puran Dhaka.
Once the capital of Mughal Bengal in the 17th century, Old Dhaka (Puran Dhaka) is now a subset of Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh. It is a fascinating place, filled with old mughal buildings and narrow alleyways. Wasif was first drawn to the place by its mysticism and liveliness. He yearned to discover the depths of Puran Dhaka. Meandering down its winding streets, Wasif began to capture a series of images of people going about their daily lives. His photos capture vivid images of Puran Dhaka’s inhabitants. He displays their emotions in a brilliant play of light and dark.
SHEHZAD NOOR TAUS
Our third speaker of the day was high school student Shehzad Noor Taus. He took the stage to discuss innovation and the future of technology.
According to Taus, technology transcends all disciplines. From businesses managing big data, to mathematicians solving problems, medics taking medical information, and people engaging in social media, technological development is helping across numerous fields.
At the core of technological advancement lies software programmed to work in specific ways. Taus, one of the youngest Zend certified coders, believes that technological innovation can happen only when the barriers between disciplines are broken. A software developer will not be able to build a software that understands the problems faced by a doctor when treating patients. Only a doctor can truly understand the actual problem and therefore, he or she should be the one to develop a software catering to the needs of the profession.
But, only 0.3% of the population produces software. This means the majority of the world’s population are ill-equipped to find software-based solutions to their problems.
“Learn how to code and become a software innovator because the world needs you,” Taus urges. “Software innovation is easy, do-able, and anyone can do it.”
The Talk Video
ABRAR ZAWAD & SAFWAN RAHMAN
Our last two speakers from session one are two tech savvy youth, Abrar Zawad and Safwan Rahman.
Aged 9 and 12, Abrar and Safwan connect their talk back to the Chronicles of Narnia. They compare their own experiences learning to use technology with the experiences of their favorite storybook characters.
According to Abrar and Safwan, with the right platform, kids as young as 9, can come up with groundbreaking innovations. Both attend The Tech School and have fostered an interest in technology from a very early age. The two already actively participate in tech competitions and are coming up with their own inventions. The Batman Gadget they designed detects obstacles in front of whoever is wearing it. “The purpose of the gadget is for playing outdoor games and in maze solving,” explains Abrar. “But later on, after further development, it can be used as an aid for the blind.”
Abrar and Safwan thank The Tech School for allowing them to approach education in a new way. The afterschool program allows its students to participate in professional projects. “Students are trained so they can soon become apprentices, teachers, or developers,” says Safwan.
TEDxDhaka is back! We are breaking barriers by spreading worthwhile ideas that demand actions beyond the ordinary and that create positive change in our communities.
On November 22, 2014, we will welcome a number of outstanding figures from diverse fields to the stage at the Krishibid Institution in Dhaka, Bangladesh. From human rights activists like the founders of Transparency International and the Acid Survivors Foundation to beaming tech enthusiasts under the age of 18, this year’s TEDxDhaka will dig deep into the local and global issues that matter most.
As the big day approaches, we feel growing excitement and anticipation for the event. Our army of young volunteers and organizers are working day and night to prepare for the arrival of our 800+ excited guests. Everyone is waiting to share, learn, and discover ideas that have the power to break the barriers of discrimination, distance, and more!
We are so thrilled to learn you will be attending TEDxDhaka 2014 on November 22nd at the KIB Complex! To ensure an engaging, peacefully mellow and thrilling experience at the conference we want to make sure you know all the key information about the event and your attendance beforehand. Here is some information that will help you and the organisers experience a better TEDxDhaka:
What to Wear
Comfort and informality help define the TEDx experience. The dress is casual for the whole event. Think “creative casual” more than “business casual.” For men, this means no ties, no suits or blazers. Then again, you probably don’t want to wear shorts either! Women tend to interpret “casual” more broadly, but please avoid suits and other classic business attire. Regional, ethnic and traditional clothings are cool! The weather forecast says the temperature will remain between 18°C to 28°C and there’s almost no chance of rain. The evening may be a bit chilly. What to Bring
We may need to check your identity at the registration desk or during the first entry. Please keep any kind of photo identity document (national ID card/ passport/ drivers license/ University ID/ Office ID etc.) with you to prove that you are indeed who you say you are. Business cards! You may regret not bringing enough of them, as you are going to meet a lot of people. You can bring your mobile phones, camera, laptop and other gadgets as long as they do not disturb others.
Most importantly, bring an open mind and leave your ego at home Read about the Speakers Before You Arrive
Our schedule is so crammed, we don’t have time for long speaker introductions. You can cehck out the introductions here http://bit.ly/TEDxDhakaBB. Google their names, do your homework and arrive ready to dive deeper. Arrive Early and Stay Until the Very End
We strongly encourage you to arrive at the venue at 09:00. And get your on-site registration done by collecting your name badge (this may take some time). If you have extra time before the conference starts, you know what TEDsters do… talk to strangers!
TEDx is an unusual conference in that our attendees stay for its entirety. Watch every talk. The best TEDx moments happen when you least expect them. It’s invariably the unknown speakers who wow the crowd. Watching every session helps avoid disappointment, and ensures you take in each key moment as it happens. Plan to stay with us until the evening (around 18:30).
Where is the detail program lineup?
We do not reveal the detail program until you arrive at the venue It is best if you plan for the whole day and don’t miss a thing.
How to Reach the Venue
Please visit http://tedxdhaka.com.bd/venue to see the location, Google Map:https://goo.gl/maps/huDuW. If you have any confusion please write to us. The Krishibid Institution Complex is centrally located on the Khamar Bari road, it’s the new building there opposite to Islamia Eye Hospital. From any point of Dhaka you can take a bus to Farmgate and walk from there.
On-site Registration – Collecting Your Badge
To ensure a smooth registration, please remember to bring your attendee ID number with you to get your badge through express registration desks. If you do not know attendee ID please head to the information desks. Doing this allows us to ensure a smooth experience for everyone. Talk to Strangers!
At TEDx events audiences are often equally extraordinary as the speakers. The person sitting next to you may be someone very interesting. Feel free to introduce yourself, share your ideas and look forward to a great conversation. Chance encounters at TEDx often lead to new ideas, projects, perspectives, and even companies … They’re as essential to the experience as the stage program itself. Break away from your ‘comfortable group’, you have the whole year left to spend time with your friends, today you should talk to strangers! Respect Others’ Time and Privacy
Try to talk to as many people as possible! However, please respect others’ time and their wish to talk to other people. Requesting someone to take a photo with or asking for autographs is not very cool at TEDx, but if you must, do it discretely and with a single polite request, drop it immediately if they seem to be uncomfortable. Also if someone is not comfortable about their photos being published, please respect their privacy.
Eat, Drink, Caffeinate!
There should be enough food and drinks during lunch and snack breaks. All food and drinks at the venue will be served free of cost. There will be 2 snack breaks and one lunch break between four sessions. It is very easy to forget to eat as you are likely to keep talking to people and as hundreds of new thoughts start playing in your head. It is, however, very important that you keep your stomach full and drink plenty of water to compensate for the intensity. And if you are a coffee lover, George’s Cafe will serve North End coffee at the venue along with cupcakes during snack breaks. There should be enough options for you to choose from. At the Venue
1. Wear your name badge at all times once you get it from the registration desk. Your entry and movement at the venue will be restricted if your badge is not visible, missing or lost.
2. Video/audio recording inside the hall is strictly prohibited. Any person found recording video or audio will be stopped by volunteers and may be asked to leave the conference.
3. You can take photos inside the hall, but NO flash please.
4. You can bring mobile phones, tablets or laptops but you can not use them inside the hall except in the last row or outside the hall.
5. There will be a simulcast lounge showing the talks live right outside the main hall, you may sit there stretching your leg, open your laptop or cell phone to tweet/blog comfortably while watching the talks live.
6. Reminder just to keep you aware: You will be in photos/videos and we may post any of those photos/videos in public domain in the future. As an attendee you give us permission to publish your photos/videos from the event in the Internet or other media by default. However, you may request to remove any of your photos from the internet, and we will try our best to respect your privacy. Find the Volunteers! There will be an army of TEDxDhaka volunteers inTEDxDhaka t-shirts with purple badges at the venue to assist you for anything you need, and also may warn/remind(!) you about TEDxDhaka guidelines. Please cooperate with them, for example, if they whisper in your ear to request you to shut down your phone, maintain a queue or look for your badge at the gates. Also feel free to ask for their help for anything you need on site.
Blog/Tweet/Facebook/Flickr with us… or not!
If you plan to blog, take photos, or Tweet or Facebook, use this hashtag:#TEDxDhaka However, please do not feel obligated to live-blog or lifecast from TEDxDhaka, as TEDx is best experienced in the moment with full concentration. Please tag your photos with ‘TEDxDhaka’ if you upload them on Flickr and/or Instagram.
Most importantly relax and enjoy 😀
If there’s any query you have that we haven’t addressed… Feel free to write to us (email email@example.com)!
Enough of anticipation, it’s time for the annual TEDxDhaka conference, we are getting ready and so should you!
This year’s TEDxDhaka will take place on November 22nd and the theme is “Breaking Barriers”. So we resurrected in 2012 with a dream of a “Different Bangladesh” followed by being the change (TEDxDhaka 2012 Be the Change), facing some problems and using it as catalysts for the change (TEDxDhaka 2013 Problems as Catalysts) and now we are up for Breaking Barriers, overcoming all the obstacles and forging a new era. TEDxDhaka Breaking Barriers will take place on November 22nd 2014.
This year we will look forward to stories of rising from ashes, tackling difficulties, turning problems into catalysts and thus breaking the barriers to create, innovate and change. As always we are looking into a diverse group of individuals as speakers. Our speaker nomination form is open throughout the year, please help us finding unheard off voices, amazing new chapters of known stories, brilliant ideas, technological marvels, scientific discoveries, stories of changing people’s lives… nominate here http://tedxdhaka.com.bd/nominate
The registration application for attending the event is now open! Click HERE to apply.